Government ordinances and engineering limitations are the deciding factors that tell us how much weight can be hauled. From the smallest cage trailer to the largest excavator trailer, these statutes are put in place by transportation authorities and manufacturer manuals to protect everyone on the road. Maximum towing capacity has a direct effect on critical safety systems, on braking distances and vehicle stability, and it’s vital that a driver obeys these rules. Remember, these regulations are good enough for the campers and caravans dotting the roads of the land, so they’re surely good enough for the custom-engineered trailers we release. Craftsmen and professional contractors are a special breed, part seasoned engineer, and part hands-on worker. If the driver is less than this, is maybe new to the skill of driving large masses, its past time to pick up some towing tech tips.
Towing isn’t all about calculating mass and speed limitations. Begin with the manual for the towing vehicle and the trailer. If the manual isn’t available, has gone missing or was never included, the towing figures are sometimes available on a website or on a certification plate stamped on the driver’s door sill. The trailer manufacturers manual is especially helpful in this situation because vehicle manufacturers don’t want drivers exceeding limitations that will damage an engine or transmission. A high horsepower truck with plenty of torque will actually proudly wave its heavy-duty pedigree and include additional literature that shows trailer towing tables and stipulations designed to get the most out of the engine. It’s a similar case with the trailer, but the driver needs to be tow-savvy to interpret the critical labels and acronyms associated with safe towing.
One quick way to get to grips with the manufacturer towing limits is to look up the labels along these charts. Learn about GCWR, Gross Combined Weight Ratio, and GTW, Gross Trailer Weight. These are quick guides for the novice driver. The combined weight of the towing vehicle and the trailer must be used as variables for this ratio, as must other defining factors. Is the vehicle driving with a full tank of petrol? How many axles does the trailer have? Wheels and brakes are part of the calculations, too. By this point, the whole undertaking is beginning to sound overly complex, but a return to the manufacturer tables and charts can rescue the befuddled haulage driver. A superior custom trailers fabricator includes safety factors, giving the driver a shortcut to safety. Look for weight ratio figures and important extras, for a number of axles and types of brakes fitted to the trailer. Simplify the entire process by stipulating typical weight limitations to the fabricator, then the company can do all the work and equip the trailer with lighter, more stable configurations.
From welding the trailer hitch and matching the trailer weight and load, including the tongue weight, to providing optimal braking and suspension solutions, make sure you choose top fitters and designers. Road safety and vehicle integrity depend on superior trailer designs.